Use of Produced Water to help reduce the global food shortage.

Annually, the oil and gas industry around the globe produces at least 70 billion barrels of what is known as “Produced Water.” This water is incredibly contaminated and some of the contaminants can cause disease and birth defects—in addition to damaging local and regional ecology.

In many locations the water is contaminated from the "Produced Water" brought up by the oil & gas and mining industries. Some companies are responsibly cleaning up or disposing of their Produced Water, but others are not.

In many locations water is contaminated or non-existent. Converting produced water to clean, safe water creates an entire new stream of “found water.”

Yet, this water can be cleaned and turned into Found Water: water that is pure enough to be used for agriculture, livestock, and human use.

Why go to that effort?  Because increasingly we need every drop of clean water we can wring out from every source possible.  Read previous post on water.

Water = Food 

You see, we don’t just need water to drink, or bathe. We also need it to run power plants for electricity, and to grow food. Most people don’t think about that one: how much water is required to grow food?  Let’s look at the impact, and the amount of water needed to grow food and keep us alive.  

Essentially, every calorie of food requires a litre of water to produce it.  So on average, we require between 2,000 and 3,000 litres of water per person to sustain our daily food requirements. Here are some examples.

To grow or breed ….
•1 pound of chicken meat:  it takes 500 gallons of water (1,893 litres)
•1 hamburger: it takes 4,000 to 18,000 gallons of water  depending on various factors  (15,142 litres to 68137 litres)
•1 cup of coffee: it takes 35 gallons of water   (132 litres)
•1 pound of wheat: 110-250 gallons of water (416 to 946 litres)
Another interesting fact:  Wheat consumes about 790 billion cubic meters of water annually, which constitutes 12 % of the global water use for crop production.
So – we need a lot of water on this planet, just to grow our food.
Food InSecurity is coming – in fact it’s already here
Food Security is getting more and more attention lately. U.S. President Obama has started trying to address the issue and the United Nations has been concerned for some time now. Why? Because …     
We can turn Food Insecurity into Food Security by turning Produced Water into Clean Found Water.

We can turn Food Insecurity into Food Security by turning Produced Water into Clean Found Water.

•We will have 2.5 billion extra mouths to feed by 2050
•Finding the extra water each year will not be an easy task, given that it is more than double what is currently used in irrigation
•We will not be able to produce all the food, feed and fiber required in 2050 unless we improve the way we manage water, and that management of water includes better management of the 70 billion barrels of “Produced Water” from the oil and gas industry.
 
So exactly what is “Produced Water?”  This is water trapped in underground formations and brought to the surface along with the oil or gas. Produced water contains chemical characteristics of the formation and the hydrocarbons present. It may include water from the reservoir, water injected into the formation, and chemicals added during the production and treatment processes. Major constituents of concern are salt, oil and grease, various other natural inorganic and organic compounds, chemical additives used in drilling, and naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM).

In many places, the oil and gas industry is trying to do the responsible thing and dispose of its “produced water” in a manner that will not affect the local groundwater or sources of water. Companies pay an enormous amount of money to transport that water away from local communities or pay to clean it up. Dealing with produced water is one of the most expensive problems the oil and gas industry, along with the mining and manufacturing industries, faces today. Unfortunately, in other places, less responsible companies just dump it and subject the local community’s inhabitants to very hazardous substances.

 Produced water from oil & gas and mining work can be cleaned up and turned into "Found Water" to grow crops.  New technology such as IX Power's OrganiClear can make it easier and more affordable to clean up produced water so it can be re-used to solve the Food Insecurity problem.

Produced water from oil & gas and mining work can be cleaned up and turned into “Found Water” to grow crops. New technology such as IX Power’s OrganiClear can make it easier and more affordable to clean up produced water so it can be re-used to solve the Food Insecurity problem.

So, we need water for many things, and we certainly need it to produce food. Industry creates a lot of produced water.  Let’s clean it up and use it!  How? With new technology such as IX Power’s OrganiClear™ which removes the most dangerous parts (the BTEX:  organic hydrocarbon compounds) without leaving another waste stream behind to deal with. We invite you to read about IX Power’s OrganiClear by clicking here.  But, we also want to know about other technologies that can be used in the fight to clean up produced water. It’s a big problem and we need everyone working on it…!

The next time you eat a meal, stop and think how much water it took to grow it!